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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: ORTHODONTICS
ORTHODONTICS
The Art and Practice of Dentofacial Enhancement

Formerly World Journal of Orthodontics

Edited by
Rafi Romano, DMD, MSc (Editor-in-Chief)

ISSN 2160-2999 (print) / ISSN 2160-3006 (online)

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Publication:
Winter 2010
Volume 11 , Issue 4

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Investigation Of Bacteremia Following Insertion Of Orthodontic Mini-Implants

Tancan Uysal, DDS, PhD/Ahmet Yagci, DDS/Duygu Esel, MD/Sabri Ilhan Ramoglu, DDS, PhD/Aytekin Kilinc, MD

Pages: 357361
PMID: 21491002

Aim: To investigate the incidence of bacteremia in the bloodstream immediately after orthodontic mini-implant insertion, which can be an invasive procedure. Methods: Blood samples (10 mL) were taken before and after mini-implant insertion from 40 patients (18 males, 22 females; mean age 21.3 7.7 years). These samples were inoculated into BacT/Alert aerobic and anaerobic blood culture bottles and processed in a BacT/Alert 9240 Blood Culture System. The findings were analyzed with the McNemar test. Results: No bacteremia was detected in the pretreatment samples, but it was in one of the postprocedure samples. The respective bacteria was Streptococcus sanguinis, which is strongly associated with bacterial endocarditis. Conclusion: Orthodontic mini-implant placement might possibly be correlated to transitory bacteremia. Therefore, a very careful approach seems indicated when dealing with patients who are at risk for cardiopathic complications. World J Orthod 2010;11:357361.

Key words: bacteremia, mini-implant, blood sample, Streptococcus sanguinis, endocarditis

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