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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: ORTHODONTICS
ORTHODONTICS
The Art and Practice of Dentofacial Enhancement

Formerly World Journal of Orthodontics

Edited by
Rafi Romano, DMD, MSc (Editor-in-Chief)

ISSN 2160-2999 (print) / ISSN 2160-3006 (online)

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Publication:
Fall 2008
Volume 9 , Issue 3

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Estimation of nickel and chromium in saliva of patients with fixed orthodontic appliances

Devinder Preet Singh, BDS, MDS/Vikas Sehgal, BDS, MDS/Kusum Lata Pradhan, BDS, MDS/Anil Chandna, BDS, MDS/Rajiv Gupta, BDS, MDS

Pages: 196202
PMID: 18834002

Aim: To examine whether orthodontic treatment induces an increase in salivary nickel and chromium concentration. Methods: Ten new patients (7 females and 3 males) beginning fixed orthodontic treatment were included in the study. The mean age of the sample was 17.5 years (range 14 to 24 years). Three samples of stimulated saliva were collected from each orthodontic patient, 1 at each of the following times: before insertion of the fixed appliance (which served as a baseline/reference level for salivary nickel and chromium content), 1 week after insertion of the appliance, and 3 weeks after insertion of the appliance. These samples were analyzed for nickel and chromium content using the atomic absorption spectrometer and their values recorded in ng/mL. The Friedman test was used to test the statistical significance of differences in concentrations of each metal before and after insertion of orthodontic appliances. Post-hoc comparisons were performed using the Wilcoxon signed rank test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: This study showed that there was a statistically significant difference in salivary nickel and chromium concentrations before and 1 week and 3 weeks after insertion of fixed orthodontic appliances. The highest concentrations of nickel and chromium were found after 1 week. The salivary nickel and chromium concentrations tapered off 3 weeks after insertion but were significantly higher than baseline levels. Conclusion: The salivary nickel and chromium concentrations significantly increased after insertion of fixed orthodontic appliances as compared to baseline levels, with the maximum concentration seen in the first week after placement of fixed orthodontic appliances. World J Orthod 2008;9:196202.

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