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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: ORTHODONTICS
ORTHODONTICS
The Art and Practice of Dentofacial Enhancement

Formerly World Journal of Orthodontics

Edited by
Rafi Romano, DMD, MSc (Editor-in-Chief)

ISSN 2160-2999 (print) / ISSN 2160-3006 (online)

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Publication:
Spring 2001
Volume 2 , Issue 1

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An Orthodontic Challenge. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: Examination Protocol

Wilma Alexandre Simões, DDS, MS

Pages: 56–68

Aim: Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic disease with poorly understood treatment. This article suggests a specific examination protocol for the assessment of the disease status and for the treatment management when unloading the temporomandibular joints. Methods: Depending on the onset and the exacerbation and remission periods that occur during growth, a great number of signs and symptoms are found in the stomatognathic system, including functional limitation, anterior open bite, and broken downward protrusion of the jaw pathway caused by articular and/or occlusal interference. These signs and symptoms are discussed and analyzed in this article. Conclusion: Treatment management and a specific examination protocol are provided. World J Orthod 2001;2:56–68.

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