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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: ORTHODONTICS
The Art and Practice of Dentofacial Enhancement

Formerly World Journal of Orthodontics

Edited by
Rafi Romano, DMD, MSc (Editor-in-Chief)

ISSN 2160-2999 (print) / ISSN 2160-3006 (online)

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Spring 2007
Volume 8 , Issue 1

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Force-deflection Characteristics of the Fatigue-Resistant Device Spring: An in Vitro Study

Moaaz Mohamed El-Sheikh, BDS, MSc / Keith Godfrey, BDS, MDS, DD, FACE / Montein Manosudprasit, DDS, Cert, MDS / Nita Viwattanatipa, DDS, MSD

Pages: 3036
PMID: 17373223

Aim: The Forsus fatigue-resistant device spring is a 3-piece telescoping compression spring used for Class II correction. The aims of this study were: (1) to measure the mean force delivered at different amounts of deflection; (2) to determine and compare the mean stiffness between loading and unloading; and (3) to determine the resilience of the fatigue-resistant device springs. Material and methods: Twelve fatigue-resistant device springs were tested with a universal testing machine and Winrcon software, with the load cell of 100 N, crosshead speed at 0.5 mm/second. Force-deflection data during loading and unloading were recorded at 2-mm intervals up to 12 mm compression. Results: (1) The mean force-deflection loading and unloading curves generally were linear, with a small area of hysteresis; (2) the loading mean stiffness (19.4 g/mm) was significantly greater than the unloading mean stiffness (18 g/mm), although this is clinically insignificant; (3) fatigue-resistant device springs exhibited good resiliency. A calibrated table of force-deflection of fatigue-resistant device springs is presented for clinicians to select the appropriate length of the device for the particular orthodontic force needed. World J Orthod 2007;8:3036.

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