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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: ORTHODONTICS
The Art and Practice of Dentofacial Enhancement

Formerly World Journal of Orthodontics

Edited by
Rafi Romano, DMD, MSc (Editor-in-Chief)

ISSN 2160-2999 (print) / ISSN 2160-3006 (online)

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Winter 2006
Volume 7 , Issue 4

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Status of Lingual Orthodontics

Ling Ye, DDS, PhD / Katherine S. Kula, MS, DMD, MS

Pages: 361368
PMID: 17190229

The lingual appliance was developed simultaneously in 2 countries during the 1970s. Although not fully recognized by the orthodontic mainstream, lingual treatment has steadily expanded, with increased numbers of lingual orthodontists and patients. This article reviews the development, advantages and disadvantages, bonding techniques, biomechanics, and treatment procedures of the lingual appliance. Currently, there are few contraindications for treatment with the lingual appliance. Cephalometric measurements do not reveal statistically significant differences in treatment results between labial and lingual treatment; however, more clinical trial studies are needed to compare the efficiency and outcome of lingual appliances with those of labial appliances. World J Orthod 2006;7:361368.

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