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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: ORTHODONTICS
The Art and Practice of Dentofacial Enhancement

Formerly World Journal of Orthodontics

Edited by
Rafi Romano, DMD, MSc (Editor-in-Chief)

ISSN 2160-2999 (print) / ISSN 2160-3006 (online)

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Spring 2005
Volume 6 , Issue 2

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Measuring the cost, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of orthodontic care

Stephen Richmond, BDS, MScD, PhD, FDS, RCS (Ed), FDS, RCS (Eng), DOrth, RCS MILT/Frank Dunstan, MA, MSc, DPhil, C.Stat/Ceri Phillips, BSc (Econ), MSc (Econ), PhD/Charles Daniels, BDS, FDS RCS (Eng), MScD, PhD/Peter Durning, BDS, MSc, FDS RCS/Fiona Leahy, BDS, MScD

Pages: 161–170
PMID: 15952553

Aim: To determine the relative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of orthodontic treatment per case in one “fee for item” and two different types of salaried orthodontic clinics. Subjects and Methods: This prospective study recruited a random sample of six self-employed orthodontists (fee-for-item) and six orthodontists from both hospital and community clinics (salaried services). One hundred patients were followed to completion of orthodontic care. Questionnaires were employed to determine cost of treatment from the clinicians’ and patients’ points of views. Four cost-effectiveness models were developed. Results: Complete records of outcome were available for 1,087 patients, but only 789 had complete data on costing. Three of the four cost-effectiveness models indicated similar rankings for the 18 clinicians. The most cost-effective service was provided by clinicians working in community clinics, followed by clinicians working in hospitals, then self-employed clinicians. The preferred cost-effective model takes into consideration the initial need and successful outcome of orthodontic treatment. Conclusion: Cost-effectiveness models have been developed to quantify the performance of individual clinicians working in self-employed and salaried clinics. Costs and effectiveness of the clinicians in each clinical setting show considerable variation. World J Orthod 2005;6:161–170.

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