Aim: To assess the fluoride release from adhesives used for bonding in orthodontics. Methods: Six bonding agents were evaluated: five adhesives (Biofix, Fill Magic Orthodontic, EagleBond, Orthobond, and Transbond XT) and one resin-reinforced glass-ionomer cement (Fuji Ortho LC), the latter serving as a control. Ten samples of each adhesive were stored in containers with 5 mL of deionized distilled water at 37°C. Fluoride release was measured with an ion-specific electrode. Readings were taken periodically for a total of 33 days. On day 28, all samples were immersed in a 0.221% sodium fluoride solution for 5 minutes to assess their recharge potential. Descriptive statistics were calculated for the fluoride release rates of each material. ANOVA with multiple comparisons and the Kruskal-Wallis tests (P < .05) were used to assess differences between the groups. Results: All adhesives released significant amounts of fluoride (P < .05). During the first day, Biofix released the highest amount of fluoride, followed by Fuji Ortho LC, which also showed the highest fluoride release from day 7 to day 33. The fluoride release from Biofix and Fuji Ortho LC decreased by the third day to 40% of its original value. All other adhesives maintained their fluoride release with only small fluctuations. Conclusion: All the materials released significant amounts of fluoride, with Biofix having the highest release in the first 3 days and Fuji Ortho LC over the total length of the experiment. ORTHODONTICS (CHIC) 2011;12:290–295.
Key words: adhesive, bonding agents, fluoride release, glass-ionomer cement, recharge