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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

Publication:
November/December 2011
Volume 42 , Issue 10

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Survival of two post systems—Five-year results of a randomized clinical trial

Marc Schmitter, Prof Dr Med Dent/Khaled Hamadi, Dr Med Dent/Peter Rammelsberg, Prof Dr Med Dent

Pages: 843–850
PMID: 22025998

Objective: To assess the survival rate of two different post systems after 5 years of service with a prospective randomized controlled trial. Method and Materials: One hundred patients in need of a post were studied. Half of the patients received long glass fiber–reinforced posts, while the other half received long metal screw posts. The posts were assigned randomly. After at least 5 years (mean, 61.37 months), follow-ups were established. When a complication occurred prior to this recall, the type and time of the complication was documented. Statistical analysis was performed using the log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Additionally, a Cox regression was performed to analyze risk factors. Results: The survival rate of fiber-reinforced posts was 71.8%. In the metal screw post group, the survival rate was significantly lower, 50.0% (log-rank test, P = .026). Metal posts resulted more often in more unfavorable complications (eg, root fractures); consequently, more teeth (n = 17) had to be extracted. The Cox regression identified the following risk factors: position of the tooth (anterior vs posterior teeth), degree of coronal tooth destruction, and the post system (fiber-reinforced post vs metal screw post). Fiber-reinforced restorations loosened in several patients; in some of these cases (n = 6), patients did not notice this, leading to the extraction of teeth. Conclusion: Long metal screw posts should be used with great care in endodontically treated teeth. Besides the selection of the post system, other factors influence the survival of the restoration. (Quintessence Int 2011;42:843–850)

Key words: fiber post, metal screw post

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