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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

July/August 2010
Volume 41 , Issue 7

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Influence Of Air-Polishing Devices And Abrasives On Root Dentin—An In Vitro Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope Study

Matthias Pelka, Priv-Doz Dr Med Dent/Sandra Trautmann, Dr Med Dent/Anselm Petschelt, Prof Dr Med Dent/Ullrich Lohbauer, Priv-Doz Dr Ing

PMID: 20614037

Objective: To assess the influence of air-polishing devices and various abrasives on flat root surfaces. Method and Materials: A total of 168 natural teeth were embedded in polyurethane resin and treated with airborne-particle abrasion using two air-polishing devices (Prophyflex 3, KaVo; EMS Handy, EMS), four abrasives (Airflow powder, EMS; Cleaning powder, KaVo; ClinPro powder, 3M ESPE; and ProphyPearls, KaVo), and three treatment times (5, 10, and 20 seconds). Defects were quantified using a confocal laser scanning microscope. Results: The Prophyflex device clearly generated deeper substance defects compared to the EMS device, regardless of abrasive used (Kruskal-Wallis, P = .004). ProphyPearls abrasive caused the deepest defects with both devices. ClinPro powder produced the least amount of defects. Defect depths increased significantly for all abrasives with increasing treatment times (Kruskal-Wallis, P = .01), and all abrasives except ClinPro powder caused substantial volume loss. Conclusion: The abrasiveness of air-polishing powders differs depending on the polishing device used. ProphyPearls caused more substance loss than ClinPro powder. (Quintessence Int 2010;41:e141–e148)

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