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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

Publication:
July 1996
Volume 27 , Issue 7

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A pilot study of the marginal adaptation and surface morphology of glass-cermet cements

Chu/King/Lee/Yiu/Wei

Pages: 493-512
PMID: 8941827

This study investigated changes in the marginal adaptation and surface morphology of Ketac-Silver and Chelon-Silver glass-cermet cements over time. Dispersalloy amalgam was used as a control Contralateral pairs of carious primary molars were restored with the test materials and amalgam. Clinical evaluations were scheduled at 12, 18, adn 24 months after placement. Gold-plated replicas of the restorations were observed with scanning electron microscopy. Fractures and cracks in the surface of the Sispersalloy and Chelon-Silver increased the surface roughness; however, the damage was superficial and self-limiting in the Dispersalloy restorations, while in Chelon-Silver the fractures caused the material to break down in layers. A substantial quantity of pores, usually smaller than 50 um in diameter, were observed throughout the surface of the Chelon-Silver restorations. The pores in teh surface of Ketac-Silver were fewer and smaller. The incidence of cavomarginal breakdown increased with time. Chelon-Silver restorations had a higher rate of cavomarginal breakdown than did Ketac-Silver and Dispersalloy restorations up to 18 months. However, there was no statistically significant difference in the marginal adaptation of the three groups at 24 months.

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