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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

Publication:
November/December 2000
Volume 31 , Issue 10

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Teaching of posterior resin-based composite restorations in Brazilian dental schools

Valeria V. Gordan, DDS, MS/Ivar A. Mjör, BDS, MSD, MS, Odont Dr, PhD/Luis Carlos da Veiga Filho/Andre V. Ritter, DDS, MS

Pages: 735-740
PMID: 11204001

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the teaching program of Class I and Class II resin-based composite (RBC) restorations in Brazilian dental schools and to observe if any differences were found from similar surveys conducted in North American, European, and Japanese dental schools. Method and materials: A questionnaire containing 15 questions was distributed to 92 Brazilian dental schools, and 64 (70%) schools returned the questionnaire. The questions inquired the amount of time the curriculum dedicated to teaching of posterior RBC restorations, future expectation regarding the teaching time, limitation in extension of the occlusal width and the proximal box in Class II, contraindications for placing posterior RBC restorations, protocol for using bases and liners, brand of bonding agents and RBC used, instruments and techniques employed for finishing, cost relative to amalgam restorations, and biologic reactions related to the use of posterior RBC. The responses were calculated as percentages based on the number of schools that responded to the questionnaire. Where appropriate, the Chi-squared test and the Fisher exact test were used for statistical analysis. Results: Of the dental schools that responded, 88% dedicated 10% to 50% of the teaching time in operative dentistry to posterior RBC restorations. A significant correlation (P = 0.041) was found between the percentage of time dedicated to the teaching of posterior RBC restorations and the higher cost of posterior RBC compared to amalgam restorations. Resin-based composite restorations cost 30% to 70% more than amalgam restorations in the 40% of dental schools that charged a fee. Posterior composites for large restorations in molars were used by 14% of the dental schools. Base and liner were not placed by 10% of dental schools in deep Class I or Class II RBC restorations. One school did not recommend acid etching of the dentin. Conclusion: No major differences were found in the teaching philosophy of posterior RBC restorations by comparing the Brazilian data to the data from similar surveys done in North America, Japan, and Europe.

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