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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

Publication:
March 2000
Volume 31 , Issue 3

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Effect of 3 medicaments on the dimensionalaccuracy and surface detail reproduction of polyvinyl siloxane impressions

Aisling O’Mahony, BDentSc, FDS (RCSI), DDS, MS/Paulette Spencer, DDS, PhD/Karen Williams, RDH, MS/James Corcoran

Pages: 201-206
PMID: 11203927

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of retraction cord medicaments (aluminum chloride, ferric sulfate, and ferric subsulfate/ferric sulfate) on the dimensional accuracy and surface detail reproduction of polyvinyl siloxane impressions. Method and materials: Polyvinyl siloxane impressions were made of standardized metal dies (American Dental Association [ADA] specification No. 19) treated with 1 of the 3 retraction cord medicaments. Dimensional accuracy was evaluated by comparing the average length of a line in the impressions to the standard die. Surface detail reproduction was evaluated by viewing the impressions under low-angle illumination at 310 magnification. Reproduction was considered satisfactory if 2 of 3 horizontal lines were reproduced continuously. The dies were also evaluated under the microscope before the impression was made. Results: The medicaments did not significantly effect the dimensional accuracy; mean shrinkage was within ADA guidelines in the treatment groups. All of the medicaments had an adverse effect on surface detail reproduction. These effects were statistically significant compared to the untreated control. Conclusion: Although the changes in dimensional accuracy were within ADA guidelines, the surface detail reproduction was modified such that the impression would be considered clinically unacceptable. For optimal results, care must taken to remove all traces of these retraction cord medicaments prior to recording of a polyvinyl siloxane impression.

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