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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

October 2009
Volume 40 , Issue 9

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Casting ability of selected impression materials tested in different conditions in an in vitro sulcus model

Carola Kolbeck, DDS, PhD/Martin Rosentritt, PhD/Reinhold Lang, DDS/Manuela Schiller, DDS/Gerhard Handel, DDS, PhD

PMID: 19862391

Objective: To test casting capacities of impression materials under dry and wet sulcular conditions in vitro. Method and Materials: An incisor with a circular shoulder preparation (1 mm) was inserted in a primary mold. A shiftable secondary mold allowed adaptation of sulcular depth (1 to 4 mm). An outer circular chamfer assured reproducible positioning of an impression material carrier. Tested materials were PVS of differing viscosities (extra low, Panasil Contact Plus [ELV]; low, Affinis Light Body [LV]; and medium, Virtual Monophase [MV]) and one polyether material of low viscosity (Permadyne Garant [PE]). Impressions were made with sulcular depths of 1 to 4 mm in wet and 1 and 4 mm in dry conditions, cut in half, and digitized with a light microscope (Stemi SV8). Surface area of the region of interest (ROI, inner angle of preparation) was determined with Optimas 6.2. Medians were calculated, and statistical analysis was performed using the Mann-Whitney U test (P ≤ .05). Results: Median values of the measurements under wet condition demonstrated the smallest ROI areas for the ELV (297 to 330 [pixels]) and the MV (253 to 421 [pixels]) materials followed by the LV (582 to 745 [pixels]) and the PELV (544 to 823 [pixels]). All materials showed significantly higher values for the wet compared to dry sulcular conditions. Repeated measurements showed no significant differences to the corresponding first determined series. Conclusion: The sulcus model can assess casting abilities of impression materials in clinically approximated sulcular conditions. The PVS materials with extralow and medium viscosities showed the best properties in dry and wet conditions. (Quintessence Int 2009;40:e62e68) Key words: dental elastomer, gingival fluid, precision impression

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