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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

Publication:
January 2003
Volume 34 , Issue 1

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Plate osteosynthesis of condylar fractures: A retrospective study of 45 patients

George Rallis, DDS, MD, Dr Dent; Costas Mourouzis, DDS; Michael Ainatzoglou, DDS, MD, Dr Dent; Michael Mezitis, DDS; Nicholas Zachariades, DDS, MD, Dr Dent

Pages: 45-49
PMID: 12674358

Objective: This retrospective study presents the type of osteosynthesis used for the fixation of condylar fractures and the postoperative results and complications observed. Method and materials: Forty-five patients with fractures of the mandibular condyle underwent open reduction and osteosynthesis with plates and screws. The surgical approach was, in most cases, via a submandibular incision. Stabilization was achieved in the majority of the cases with a 2.0-mm single or double miniplate, but 2.0-mm mini dynamic compression plates were also used. Results: The complications were mainly inadequate reduction, screw loosening, and limitation of mouth opening. No plate fractures or infections were observed. Conclusion: The use of a single plate (miniplate or dynamic compression plate) often produces inadequate stability and reduction postoperatively. The placement of two 2.0-mm zygomatic dynamic compression plates demands great tissue dissection and detachment and can lead to limitation of mouth opening. The use of two 2.0-mm miniplates seems to produce better stability and fewer complications.

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