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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

November/December 2004
Volume 35 , Issue 10

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In vitro study of surface microhardness of a resin composite exposed to a quartz-halogen lamp

Orla Coffey, BDS/Noel J. Ray, MSc, PhD/Christopher D. Lynch, BDS, MFDRCSI/Francis M. Burke, BDentSc, MSc, PhD, FDSRCSEd, FFDRCSI/Ailish Hannigan, BSc, PhD

Pages: 795-800
PMID: 15553288

Objectives: To determine the minimum exposure times consistent with optimized surface microhardness numbers (VHN) for the top and bottom surfaces, respectively, of a resin composite (1.5-mm depth) cured using a quartz-halogen activation lamp. Additionally, to determine the conditions appropriate to achieve optimized bottom/top hardness ratios. Method and materials: Disk specimens of a commercial resin composite restorative (Spectrum TPH) were exposed to a quartz-halogen lamp, and VHNs were measured for the top and bottom surfaces at elapsed times of 1 hour and 24 hours. Results: Data were dependent on exposure time, time elapsed after exposure, and the surface involved. Exposure time featured limiting values in excess of which no significant increase in microhardness took place. All microhardness data increased significantly over an elapsed time interval between 1 hour and 24 hours postexposure. Microhardness ratios (bottom/top) were dependent on exposure time only and were not influenced by time elapsed after exposure. Conclusion: Minimum exposure time may be considered as the greater of the times to achieve optimized top hardness and optimized hardness ratio, respectively.

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