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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

Publication:
May 2004
Volume 35 , Issue 5

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Thirteen-year follow-up study of resin-bonded fixed partial dentures

Ali-Reza Ketabi, Dr med dent/Thomas Kaus, Dr med dent/Frank Herdach, Dr med dent/Martin Groten, Dr med dent/Detlef Axmann-Krcmar, Dr rer net/Lothar Pröbster, Dr med dent, PhD/Heiner Weber, Dr med dent, Prof

Pages: 407-410
PMID: 15130083

Objective: The technique of resin-bonded fixed partial dentures (RBFPD) is a well-accepted clinical technique to replace missing teeth. The survival rates reported in the literature vary widely, and the conclusions are sometimes conflicting. This study presents the clinical long-term performance of silicoated RBFPDs and also determines the main cause of failure. Method and materials: Sixty-one patients with a total of 74 RBFPDs were either examined or requested to complete a questionnaire regarding their fixed partial dentures. Sixty-four were placed in the anterior region, and 10 in the posterior region. No more than one missing tooth in the posterior area and two missing teeth in the anterior region were replaced with RBFPDs. A retentive preparation was made on the abutment teeth. All the RBFPDs were adhesively seated. Results: Eighteen RBFPDs failed after a mean observation time of 7.8 years (nine retention losses of one or more retainers, six carious lesions, and three veneer fractures occurred). Seven RBFPDs were rebonded, whereas the remaining 11 failures had to be replaced with conventional FPDs. Fifty-six RBFPDs were primary restorations, and seven secondary RBFPDs were used after the loss of the primary restoration. A mean survival rate better than 69% after a 13-year observation period was calculated. Including the rebonded restorations, a mean functional survival rate of 83% was estimated. A total of 18 failures (24.3%) of all restorations were observed, the main cause being loss of retention. Conclusion: Silicoated RBFPDs are a viable treatment means with an acceptable success expectancy.

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