Home Subscription Services
 
   

 
Quintessence International
QI Home Page
About the Editor
Editorial Board
Accepted Manuscripts
Submit
Author Guidelines
Submission Form
Reprints / Articles
Permissions
Advertising
MEDLINE Search
 
 
 
 
 
FacebookTwitterYouTube
Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

Publication:
April 2004
Volume 35 , Issue 4

Back
Share Abstract:

Air entrapment in the cervicofacial region due to injury

Fanny Koumoura, DDS/Veronica Papakosta, DDS

Pages: 307-311
PMID: 15119717

Air entrapment in the soft tissues of the cervicofacial region is a benign entity occasionally developing after a fracture of the facial bones or ribs. Characteristic clinical findings of air entrapment are the sudden onset of edema and crepitation of the respective region. Possible complications are respiratory obstruction or contamination of the mediastinum. Treatment includes precautionary administration of antibiotics. In regard to the region of injury, air may enter the anterior cranial fossa where it compresses the brain, resulting in pneumocephalus, which may cause meningitis as an imminent complication. After a fracture at the zygomatic or nasal bones, subcutaneous emphysema may result in the middle third of the face. It is also possible for air to penetrate into the retrobulbar fat and damage the eye. In other cases, air traverses the parapharyngeal space and causes pneumomediastinum. Moreover, after a fracture at the mandible, it is possible that air passes through the floor of the mouth and the submandibular area to the deep tissue layers again causing pneumomediastinum. Alternatively, after rib fracture, air could follow an upward course, resulting in subcutaneous emphysema of the thoracocervicofacial region. In this article, patients who suffered from air entrapment were categorized into four groups, and the methods used to diagnosis and treat these patients are presented.

Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.
  © 2014 Quintessence Publishing Co Inc
 

Home | Subscription Services | Books | Journals | Multimedia | Events | Blog
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | About Us | Contact Us | Advertising | Help | Sitemap | Catalog