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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

January 2009
Volume 40 , Issue 1

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Pigmentation susceptibility of teeth after bleaching with 2 systems: An in vitro study

Víctor Setien, DDS, PhD/Susan Roshan, DDS/Cynthia Cala, DDS2/ Robert Ramirez, DDS

Pages: 47–52
PMID: 19159023

Objective: To determine the susceptibility of teeth to darken after bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide and 16% carbamide peroxide. Method and Materials: Thirty-eight premolars were covered with varnish and the mesiobuccal facets polished up to 0.04 µm, leaving a flat surface. Thirty-six of these premolars were then randomly assigned to 3 groups and the shade of the polished surfaces recorded using a Vita shade guide set in a value disposition. According to the manufacturers’ instructions, 12 samples were bleached with 35% hydrogen peroxide (in-office group) and 12 samples with 16% carbamide peroxide (at-home group). The 12 samples in the control group were not bleached. Two days later, the shades of the bleached teeth were recorded; all samples were immersed in silver nitrate 50% for 4 hours, rinsed, and fixed (using a dithioxamide solution) for 24 hours. Polished surfaces were cleaned and the samples’ shade recorded and analyzed using ANOVA. The remaining 2 premolars were bleached the same as those in the test group and analyzed using atomic force microscopy. Results: The mean shade values were 6.2, 3.7, and 10.9 for in-office samples; 8.8, 1.7, and 6.1 for at-home samples; and 7.8 and 9.4 for the control group. After pigmentation, the at-home group had a lighter shade than the in-office group (P ≤ .001). Atomic force microscopy showed no significant surface differences. Conclusion: While all the samples were susceptible to pigmentation, this tendency was greater following application of 35% hydrogen peroxide. (Quintessence Int 2009;40:47–52)

Key words: atomic force microscopy, at-home bleaching, in-office bleaching, peroxide, pigmentation, tooth bleaching

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