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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

Publication:
February 2008
Volume 39 , Issue 2

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Developments in polymerization lamps

Amparo Jiménez-Planas, DDS, MD, PhD/Juan Martín, DDS, MD, PhD/ Camilo Ábalos, DDS, MD, PhD/Rafael Llamas, DDS, MD, PhD

PMID: 18560645

Polymerization shrinkage of composite resins and the consequent stress generated at the composite-tooth interface continue to pose a serious clinical challenge. The development of high-intensity halogen lamps and the advent of curing units providing higher energy performance, such as laser lamps, plasma arc units, and, most recently, light-emitting diode (LED) curing units, have revolutionized polymerization lamp use and brought major changes in light-application techniques. A comprehensive review of the literature yielded the following conclusions: (1) the most reliable curing unit for any type of composite resin is the high-density halogen lamp, fitted with a programming device to enable both pulse-delay and soft-start techniques; (2) if any other type of curing unit is used, information must be available on the compatibility of the unit with the composite materials to be used; (3) polymerization lamp manufacturers need to focus on the ongoing development of LED technology; (4) further research is required to identify the most reliable light-application techniques. (Quintessence Int 2008;39;180.e74–84)

Key words: curing units, diodes, halogen, laser, light, plasma, pulse delay, soft start

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