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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

Publication:
November/December 2007
Volume 38 , Issue 10

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Influence of resin composite insertion technique in preparations with a high C-factor

Sillas Duarte Jr, DDS, MS, PhD/Welingtom Dinelli, DDS, MS, PhD/ Maria Helena Carmona da Silva, DMD

Pages: 829835
PMID: 18197322

Objective: To evaluate the marginal microleakage in enamel and dentin/cementum walls in preparations with a high C-factor, using 3 resin composite insertion techniques. The null hypothesis was that there is no difference among the 3 resin composite insertion techniques. Method and Materials: Standardized Class 5 cavities were prepared in the lingual and buccal aspects of 30 caries-free, extracted third molars. The prepared teeth were randomly assigned to 3 groups: (1) oblique incremental placement technique, (2) horizontal incremental placement technique, and (3) bulk insertion (single increment). The preparations were restored with a 1-bottle adhesive (Single Bond, 3M ESPE) and microhybrid resin composite (Z100, 3M ESPE). Specimens were isolated with nail varnish except for a 2-mm-wide rim around the restoration and thermocycled (1,000 thermal cycles, 5C/55C; 30-second dwell time). The specimens were immersed in an aqueous solution of 50 wt% silver nitrate for 24 hours, followed by 8 hours in a photo-developing solution and evaluated for microleakage using an ordinal scale of 0 to 4. The microleakage scores obtained from occlusal and gingival walls were analyzed with Wilcoxon and Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric tests. Results: The null hypothesis was accepted. The horizontal incremental placement technique, the oblique incremental technique, and bulk insertion resulted in statistically similar enamel and dentin microleakage scores. Conclusion: Neither the incremental techniques nor the bulk placement technique were capable of eliminating the marginal microleakage in preparations with a high C-factor. (Quintessence Int 2007;38:829835)

Key words: adhesion, adhesive, C-factor, dentin, enamel, resin composite

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