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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

September 2007
Volume 38 , Issue 8

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Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis: A case report

Denise S. Lobao, DDS / Luis Candido P. Silva, DDS, MScD / Rodrigo V. Soares, DDS, DSc / Roberval A. Cruz, DDS, DSc

Pages: 699704
PMID: 17823689

Idiopathic or hereditary gingival fibromatosis is a benign oral disorder characterized by enlargement of the oral gingival tissues. This article describes a case of a female child who exhibited a generalized gingival overgrowth in both arches at birth. Other causes of gingival overgrowth and the clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic characteristics are discussed. Treatment consisted of surgical removal of the hyperplastic fibrous tissue in a series of gingivectomies. Medical history, clinical examination, and histopathologic and genetic findings were essential to rule out other systemic abnormalities. This unusual case of nonsyndromic idiopathic gingival fibromatosis was followed for 5 years, and no recurrence was seen. (Quintessence Int 2007; 38:699704)

Key words:gingival overgrowth, idiopathic gingival fibromatosis, surgical treatment

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