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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

June 2007
Volume 38 , Issue 6

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Findings from panoramic radiographs of the edentulous population and review of the literature

Farah Masood, BDS, MS / William Robinson, DDS / Kay S. Beavers, DDS / Kevin L. Haney, DDS, MS

PMID: 17625617

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of positive radiographic findings in panoramic radiographs of edentulous arches. Method: A sample of 327 panoramic radiographs was selected from the patient pool at the University of Oklahoma College of Dentistry. Radiographs were evaluated for presence of retained root tips, impacted teeth, radiolucent and radiopaque areas, soft tissue calcifications, and foreign bodies. Results: Approximately 57.5% of panoramic radiographs revealed no positive radio-graphic findings, while the remaining 42.5% contained 1 or more positive radiographic findings. Thirty-nine root fragments were identified, and the majority were located in the maxilla. However, only 5 pathological findings (3.8%) required treatment modification before denture fabrication. Conclusions: Results of the study do not support routine pretreatment panoramic radiography on patients seeking denture fabrication. Panoramic radiography is a valuable diagnostic tool in the pretreatment assessment of partially and completely edentulous patients, but their routine use in such patients should be discouraged. (Quintessence Int 2007;38:526.e298305)

Key words: dental, edentulous, edentulous patients, panoramic, positive radiographic findings, radiology

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