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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

Publication:
February 2007
Volume 38 , Issue 2

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The effect of 2 different bleaching regimens on the surface roughness and hardness of tooth-colored restorative materials

Sevil Gurgan, PhD, DDS / Filiz Yalcin, PhD, DDS

PMID: 17510718

Objective: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of 10% carbamide peroxide (Vivastyle/Vivadent) and 6.5% hydrogen peroxide strip bands (Crest Professional Whitestrips) on the surface roughness and hardness of the 3 different tooth-colored restoratives: an ormocer (Definite), a packable composite (Filtek P60), and a flowable composite (Filtek Flow). Method and Materials: A total of 48 specimens (10 mm in diameter and 2 mm thick) of each material were fabricated against a mylar surface. After being polished with Sof-Lex discs, they were randomly divided into 3 groups of 16 and treated as follows: group I was stored in distilled water at 37C for 2 weeks (control), group II was treated with Vivastyle for 2 hours per day for 2 weeks, and group III was treated with Whitestrips for 30 minutes twice a day for 2 weeks. For groups II and III, the specimens were stored in distilled water at 37C during the hiatus period. At the end of the test period, the specimens were first subjected to surface roughness and then to microhardness tests. The data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests. Results: Both bleaching regimens increased the surface roughness of the materials (P < .05), but Whitestrips significantly increased the roughness of materials more than did Vivastyle (P < .05). Both bleaching regimens decreased significantly the hardness of tested materials except Filtek P60 (P < .05). Conclusion: Bleaching agents may affect the surface of existing restorations; therefore, they should not be used indiscriminately when tooth-colored restorations are present. (Quintessence Int 2007;38:90.e8387)

Key words: bleaching, hardness, roughness, tooth-colored restorative materials

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