Objective: In this review article, the role of the dentist in the
evaluation and treatment of snoring and Obstructive Sleep
Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) in children is described. Snoring and
OSAS in children is receiving increased awareness, with reported
rates approximating 10% of children who regularly snore,
and up to 4% who suffer from OSAS. OSAS in children may
have serious developmental and behavioral consequences.
Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI) is the main outcome of the polysomnography
test, but its diagnostic values differ from children
to adults, as do treatment approaches. Data Sources
and Study Selection: A comprehensive literature search of publications from 1973 to 2017 in the PubMed Direct databases was performed to collect information about snoring and
OSAS in children. The search was limited to peer-reviewed
articles written in English with a few exceptions in other languages.
Conclusion: Dentists play a significant role in early
detection of OSAS, helping in reducing and preventing its serious
consequences. A multidisciplinary treatment team, which
manages and treats OSAS, should include the dentist in addition
to the sleep specialist and the ENT physician.