Osteopetrosis (OP) is a rare genetic metabolic bone disorder
characterized by osteoclast dysfunction impairing bone resorption.
Together with normal osteoblastic activity this dysfunction
promotes intense bone sclerosis with reduction of marrow
spaces as well as bone turnover. Maxillofacial complications
are common after tooth extraction. Osteomyelitis (OM) of the
mandible occurs in around 10% of the cases with OP. The purpose
of this paper is to report the first case of OP treated with
dental implants, and to describe the protocol used to treat OM
that developed after failure of one implant. The treatment of
OM included long-term use of antibiotics and marginal bone
resection with a piezoelectric device. Similar cases to confirm
the efficacy of this treatment are required.
Key words: bone resorption, dental implants, osteomyelitis, osteopetrosis