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Volume 31 , Issue 4
July/August 2011

Pages 421-427

An Extraction Socket Classification Developed Using Analysis of Bone Type and Blood Supply to the Buccal Bone in Monkeys

Khalid Al-Hezaimi, BDS, MSc/Paul Levi, DMD/Robert Rudy, DMD/Badar Al-Jandan, BDS, MSc/Abdulaziz Al-Rasheed, BDS, MS

PMID: 21837308
DOI: 10.11607/prd.00.0984

Bone modeling and remodeling following tooth extraction has been studied extensively. The reason for bone loss during the remodeling process is multifactorial, and the primary reason for this loss is still yet to be determined. The aim of this study was to examine the type of bone and the blood supply to the buccal bone in monkeys. Six maxillary arches from six monkeys were used. The arches were divided into three sections: right posterior, anterior from canine to canine, and left posterior. Blocks were decalcified and prepared for histologic processing and examination. Modified Masson trichrome and retic staining were used. Histologic sectioning demonstrated that the blood supply to the buccal bone came from the inner (socket) side of the alveolus, the periodontal ligament, the adjacent interdental bone, and the supraperiosteal vessels emanating from the covering gingiva or mucosa. Histologic examination showed that the buccal bone was composed of bundle and cortical bone. The thickness of the buccal bone was not uniform coronoapically, and the thinnest area of buccal bone was the coronal portion. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2011;31:421427.)

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