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Volume 31 , Issue 1
January/February 2011

Pages 91-95

Scanning Electron Microscopy In Vitro Study on the Effect of Carisolv Application on Periodontally Diseased Root Surfaces

Ana Vitória Imbronito, DDS, MSc, PhD/Osmar Okuda, DDS, MSc/Cristiane Versuti del Cioppo, DDS/Victor E. Arana-Chavez, DDS, MSc, PhD

PMID: 21365031
DOI: 10.11607/prd.00.0959

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of diseased root surfaces treated by the association of scaling and the application of Carisolv. Twenty-four uniradicular periodontally involved teeth were used in this study. The teeth were divided randomly into three groups: eight teeth were scaled and root planed until there was a complete visible removal of calculus (group 1), Carisolv was applied on the root surfaces of eight teeth twice for 30 seconds before scaling with a sharp curette (group 2), and eight teeth received the same treatment as in group 2 but with a blunt curette (group 3). Specimens were examined using scanning electron microscopy. The superficial aspect of the roots from group 1 presented scratches that mirrored the curette cutting edge, and the smear layer completely covered the surface. Root surfaces from groups 2 and 3 also presented a smear layer that covered the surface completely, but it was somewhat smoother than group 1. The use of Carisolv as an adjunct to scaling and root planing presented no advantage for smear layer removal over scaling alone, suggesting that no benefit is obtained by the use of Carisolv during periodontal mechanical treatment. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2011;31:91–95.)

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