Jawbone enlargement using immediate implant placement associated with a split-crest technique and guided tissue regeneration
Five patients with sufficient vertical bone height but insufficient bone width for implant placement were chosen for treatment with a split-crest technique combined with guided tissue regeneration. The surgical technique involved splitting the alveolar ridge longitudinally in two parts, provoking a greenstick fracture. A chisel was then used to make a fine cut and spread apart the two cortical plates. Implants were then placed. Implants and defects were covered with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene membranes. Biometrical examination showed a gain in bone width, varying between 1 and 4 mm; maxillary sites showed greater ridge enlargement. Histologic examination showed regeneration of bone tissue between the two portions of the split crest. This membrane technique could be effective and predictable for horizontal ridge augmentation associated with immediate implant placement.