The edentulous ridge expansion technique: A five-year study
This study presents the clinical results of a surgical technique that expands a narrow ridge when its orofacial width precludes the placement of dental implants. In 170 people, 329 implants were placed in sites needing ridge enlargement using the endentulous ridge expansion procedure. This technique involves a partial-thickness flap, crestal and vertical intraosseous incisions into the ridge, and buccal displacement of the buccal cortical plate, including a portion of the underiying spongiosa. Implants were placed in the expanded ridge and allowed to heal for 4 to 5 months. When indicated, the implants were exposed during a second-stage surgery to allow visualization of the implant site. Occlusal loading was applied during the following 3 to 5 months by provisional prostheses. The final phase was the placement of the permanent prostheses. The results yielded a success rate of 98.8%.