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Volume 29 , Issue 2
March/April 2009

Pages 153-159


Flap Design for Guided Tissue Regeneration Surgery in the Esthetic Zone: The “Whale’s Tail” Technique

Andrea E. Bianchi/Achille Bassetti


PMID: 19408477
DOI: 10.11607/prd.00.0848

The aim of this paper was to describe a new surgical technique designed to preserve interdental tissue in guided tissue regeneration. This procedure was created to specifically regenerate wide intrabony defects in the esthetic zone. Fourteen subjects with an intraosseous defect in the maxillary incisor region took part in this clinical study. The defects were treated with bioresorbable membranes in combination with a bovine bone mineral graft. At baseline and at 12 months after surgery, the following clinical parameters were measured: full-mouth plaque scores, full-mouth bleeding scores, probing pocket depths, clinical attachment levels, and gingival recession. A significant gain in clinical attachment level (4.57 ± 0.65 mm) and a reduction in probing depths (5.14 ± 0.95 mm) were reported 12 months after surgery. The surgical technique allowed complete flap closure in every treated site, resulting in significant improvement of the clinical parameters; thus, it appeared especially appropriate for the treatment of wide defects in the esthetic zone. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2009;29:153–159.)


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