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   Offical Journal of The Academy of Osseointegration

 
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Volume 42 , Issue 5
September/October 2022

Pages 665–673


Clinical and Esthetic Evaluation Following Immediate Implant Placement and Restoration with Platform- Switched Morse Taper Implants in the Esthetic Zone: A Cross-Sectional Study

Karina Obreja, DDS/Amira Begić, DDS/Georgia Trimpou, DMD/Maria Elisa Galarraga-Vinueza, MSc, PhD, DMD/Ümniye Balaban, PhD/Frank Schwarz, DDS/Puria Parvini, MSc, DDS


DOI: 10.11607/prd.5942

Immediate implant placement with immediate restoration in the esthetic zone is a standardized protocol that aims to satisfy the patient with an immediate, esthetic rehabilitation. This study evaluated clinical and esthetic outcomes following immediate implant placement and provisionalization over a medium- to long-term period. A total of 57 implants in 44 patients were included in the present cross-sectional study, with a follow-up period of 3.97 ± 2.03 years. Surgical and prosthetic treatments were performed according to a standardized protocol. Clinical outcomes (modified Plaque Index, bleeding on probing, probing depth [PD], keratinized mucosa, mucosal recession [MR], and pink esthetic score [PES]) were evaluated during follow-up. Peri-implant tissue health was assessed based on the established case definitions. The mean PES value at the final control examination (mean PES follow-up time: 3.79 ± 1.85 years) was 12.06, the mean PD was 2.52 ± 0.88 mm, and mean MR was 0.03 ± 0.13 mm. No suppuration, pain, or implant or prosthetic failures were reported. The prevalence rates of mucositis and peri-implantitis were 45.5% and 0%, respectively. Immediate implant placement and restoration was associated with peri-implant tissue stability and esthetics over medium- and long-term follow-up periods.


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