Follow Us      

LOGIN
 
Share Page:
Back

Volume 39 , Issue 3
May/June 2019

Pages 349359


Long-Term (15 to 20 Years) Outcomes of Papillae Preservation Flap Surgery in Esthetic Areas

Renzo Guarnieri, MD, DDS


PMID: 30986284
DOI: 10.11607/prd.4017

Several techniques have been proposed to maintain full papillary form and preserve soft tissue during periodontal surgical access. However, very little evidence of long-term results is available. The aim of the present paper is to report the 15- to 20-year follow-up outcomes of a case series study of papillae preservation flap surgery in esthetic areas. Twenty-two patients (10 women, 12 men; mean age: 41.3 years) with moderate to advanced generalized periodontitis were included in this study carried out in a private office from 1994 to 1996. In each patient, nonsurgical therapy with scaling and root planing was performed. Following this initial phase of therapy and the periodontal re-evalutaion, a papillae preservation flap surgery was performed in the anterior maxillary area in each subject. Full-mouth Plaque Index (FMPI), Gingival Index (GI), full-mouth Bleeding Score (FMBS), probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival recession (GR), and papilla height (PH) were assessed at the baseline and at each year of the follow-up. GI and BOP decreased with a statistical difference after surgery (P < .05) and remained low over the entire observation period. At the end of the follow-up period, PD and CAL decreased significantly (P < .05) compared to baseline (PD from 7.18 0.91 mm to 2.98 0.49 mm; CAL from 8.06 1.2 mm to 4.01 0.28 mm). Gingival recession and papilla height did not change significantly after surgery compared to baseline (GR from 0.88 0.42 mm to 0.92 0.36 mm; PH from 5.6 1.1 mm to 4.2 0.8 mm) and remained stable over the 15 to 20 years of the study (GR = 1.12 0.36 mm; PH = 4.9 0.9 mm) (P > .05). Results of the present long-term study show that the papillae preservation flap procedure may be applied successfully to the treatment of periodontal pockets in the maxillary anterior region.


Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.

 

© 2019 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc

PRD Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Archive
Author Guidelines
About
Submission Form
Submit
Reprints
Permission
Advertising
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us
Help