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   Offical Journal of The Academy of Osseointegration

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Volume 24 , Issue 5
September/October 2004

Pages 434445

Prevention of Alveolar Ridge Deformities and Reconstruction of Lost Anatomy: A Review of Surgical Approaches

Giovan Paolo Pini Prato, MD, DDS/Francesco Cairo/Carlo Tinti, MD, DDS/Pierpaolo Cortellini, MD, DDS/Leonardo Muzzi/Evelyn Andrea Mancini

PMID: 15506024
DOI: 10.11607/prd.00.0602

Prevention and treatment of alveolar ridge deformities aim at preserving and/or reconstructing soft and hard tissues of the edentulous ridge. Different surgical techniques may be used to prevent ridge collapse before tooth extraction or to reconstruct lost ridge anatomy before tooth replacement. In cases of mild or moderate ridge defects, soft tissue augmentation is generally sufficient to repair the deformity. On the other hand, hard tissue augmentation should be selected primarily when implant therapy is scheduled. In cases of severe ridge defects, a staged or a combined approach may be appropriate. This article reviews the various approaches for the prevention and treatment of ridge deformities. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2004;24:434445.)

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