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   Offical Journal of The Academy of Osseointegration

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Volume 24 , Issue 5
September/October 2004

Pages 412421

Surgical Extrusion Technique for Clinical Crown Lengthening: Report of Three Cases

Chang-Sung Kim, DDS, PhD/Seong-Ho Choi, DDS, PhD/Jung-Kiu Chai, DDS, PhD/Chong-Kwan Kim, DDS, PhD/Kyoo-Sung Cho, DDS, PhD

PMID: 15506022
DOI: 10.11607/prd.00.0598

Although a number of techniques have been proposed for clinical crown lengthening procedures, all have some limitation in terms of function and esthetics. This report presents the clinical and radiographic results of a surgical extrusion technique for clinical crown lengthening. Atraumatic surgical extrusion using a specially designed instrument (Periotome) was performed in three cases in which it was expected that extensive resective osseous surgery would have to be used for crown lengthening. Full-thickness mucoperiosteal flaps were raised both labially and palatally. The tooth was carefully luxated and extruded to the desired position without damaging the marginal bone area or root apex. No rigid splint was applied. Clinical examinations performed for more than 1 year after surgery revealed probing depths  3 mm around the teeth at all sites, without bleeding on probing. The teeth functioned normally, with near-normal mobility. Radiographs showed normal periodontal contour consistent with new bone formation in the periapical area. Radiographic analysis did not show any evidence of root or crestal bone resorption or endodontic problems. The technique presented could constitute an alternative surgical approach to performing crown lengthening; it does not induce functional or esthetic deformities, especially in the anterior region. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2004;24:412421.)

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