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Volume 34 , Issue 1
January/February 2014

Pages 7989

Influence of Laser-Lok Surface on Immediate Functional Loading of Implants in Single-Tooth Replacement: A 2-Year Prospective Clinical Study

Davide Farronato, DDS, PhD, PD/Francesco Mangano, DDS/Francesco Briguglio, DDS/Vincenzo Iorio-Siciliano, DDS, PhD/Francesco Riccitiello, MDS/Renzo Guarnieri, MD, DDS

PMID: 24396842
DOI: 10.11607/prd.1747

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of a Laser-Lok microtexturing surface on clinical attachment level and crestal bone remodeling around immediately functionally loaded implants in single-tooth replacement. Seventy-seven patients were included in a prospective, randomized study and divided into two groups. Group 1 (control) consisted of non-Laser-Lok type implants (n = 39), while in group 2 (test), Laser-Lok type implants were used (n = 39). Crestal bone loss (CBL) and clinical parameters including clinical attachment level (CAL), Plaque Index (PI), and bleeding on probing were recorded at baseline examinations and at 6, 12, and 24 months after loading with the final restoration. One implant was lost in the control group and one in the test group, giving a total survival rate of 96.1% after 2 years. PI and BOP outcomes were similar for both implant types without statistical differences. A mean CAL loss of 1.10 0.51 mm was observed during the first 2 years in group 1, while the mean CAL loss observed in group 2 was 0.56 0.33 mm. Radiographically, group 1 implants showed a mean crestal bone loss of 1.07 0.30 mm compared with 0.49 0.34 mm for group 2. The type of implant did not influence the survival rate, whereas Laser-Lok implants resulted in greater CAL and in shallower radiographic peri-implant CBL than non-Laser-Lok implants. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2014;34:7989. doi: 10.11607/prd.1747)

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