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Volume 34 , Issue 1
January/February 2014

Pages 3945

Human Histologic Evaluation of Root Coverage Obtained with Connective Tissue Graft Over a Compomer Restoration

Luca Comuzzi, DDS, MS/Fabio Mazzocco, DDS, MS/Riccardo Stefani, DDS/Luca Gobbato, DDS, MS/Edoardo Fornea, DDS/Edoardo Stellini, MD, DDS/Giovanna Iezzi, DDS, PhD/Adriano Piattelli, MD, DDS

PMID: 24396839
DOI: 10.11607/prd.1921

This investigation was designed to evaluate the histologic healing pattern of two Miller Class III recession defects associated with noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) treated with a connective tissue graft (CTG) and coronally advance flap (CAF). One patient presenting with two teeth predetermined to be surgically extracted was enrolled and consented to treatment. One month after phase I treatment, a full-thickness flap was reflected and the NCCLs treated with a compomer restoration; at the same time, a CTG was harvested from the palate and positioned over the compomer restoration. The flap was then coronally repositioned. After 4 months of healing, an en bloc biopsy extraction of the two teeth was executed. The teeth were analyzed histologically to assess the periodontal wound healing. A long junctional epithelial attachment was noted throughout the major portion of the restored surface. Only minimal signs of connective adhesion and new bone formation could be seen in the apical portion of the restored area, without signs of root resorption or ankylosis. This report provides evidence that the presence of a compomer restoration allowed the formation of a long juctional epithelium after CTG and CAF treatment. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2014;34:3945. doi: 10.11607/prd.1921)

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