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Volume 33 , Issue 6
November/December 2013

Pages e140-e144

Comparing Efficiency and Root Surface Morphology After Scaling with Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG Lasers

Ardavan Etemadi, DDS, MS/Mostafa Sadeghi, DDS, MS/Fatemeh Mashhadi Abbas, DDS, MS/Fahime Razavi, DDS/Akira Aoki, DDS, PhD/Reza Fekr Azad, DDS, MS/Nasim Chiniforush, DDS

PMID: 24116368
DOI: 10.11607/prd.1765

The purpose of this study was to investigate the root morphology of teeth and efficiency of scaling after using Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers. Thirty-two periodontally hopeless teeth were extracted. The border of an appropriate calculus was marked using a diamond bur on each tooth, and the calculus was divided into two almost equal parts. An Er,Cr:YSGG laser with pulse energy of 50 mJ, power of 1 W, and energy density of 17.7 J/cm2 and an Er:YAG laser with pulse energy of 200 mJ, power of 2.4 W, and energy density of 21 J/cm2 were used to remove the calculus. The time for scaling was recorded for each group, and using stereomicroscopic analysis, the calculus remnant, carbonization, and number of craters were investigated. The mean time required for calculus removal in the Er,Cr:YSGG and Er:YAG laser groups was 15.22 6.18 seconds and 7.12 4.11 seconds, respectively. The efficiency of calculus removal in the Er:YAG laser group was significantly higher than in the Er,Cr:YSGG laser group. Under stereomicroscope examination, no carbonization or remaining calculus was found in samples from either group, but all samples had craters. The number of craters in the Er,Cr:YSGG laser group was significantly higher than in the Er:YAG laser group. According to the parameters used and limitations of this study, there was no significant difference in efficiency per power for calculus removal between the two groups. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2013;33:e140e144. doi: 10.11607/prd.1765)

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