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Volume 33 , Issue 4
July/August 2013

Pages 483489

Equine-Derived Bone Mineral Matrix for Maxillary Sinus Floor Augmentation: A Clinical, Radiographic, Histologic, and Histomorphometric Case Series

Myron Nevins, DDS/Friedhelm Heinemann, DDS/Ulrich W. Janke, DDS/Teresa Lombardi, DDS/David Nisand, DDS/Isabella Rocchietta, DDS/Giacomo Santoro, DDS/Peter Schupbach, PhD/David M. Kim, DDS, DMSc

PMID: 23820708
DOI: 10.11607/prd.1728

The objective of this proof-of-principle multicenter case series was to examine the bone regenerative potential of a newly introduced equine-derived bone mineral matrix (Equimatrix) to provide human sinus augmentation for the purpose of implant placement in the posterior maxilla. There were 10 patients requiring 12 maxillary sinus augmentations enrolled in this study. Histologic results at 6 months demonstrated abundant amounts of vital new bone in intimate contact with residual graft particles. Active bridging between residual graft particles with newly regenerated bone was routinely observed in intact core specimens. A mean value of 23.4% vital bone formation was observed at 6 months. This compared favorably with previous results using xenografts to produce bone in the maxillary sinus for the purpose of dental implant placement. Both the qualitative and quantitative results of this case series suggest comparable bone regenerative results at 6 months to bovine-derived xenografts. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2013;33:483489. doi: 10.11607/prd.1728.)

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