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Volume 33 , Issue 4
July/August 2013

Pages 427434

In Vivo Measurements of Human Gingival Translucency Parameters

Sang-Ho Jun, DDS, MS, PhD/Jin-Soo Ahn, DDS, MS, PhD/Brian M. Chang, DDS, FAAMP/Jason D. Lee, DDS/Jae-Jun Ryu, DDS, MS, PhD/Jong-Jin Kwon, DDS, MS, PhD

PMID: 23820703
DOI: 10.11607/prd.1497

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between gingival translucency and peri-implant mucosa. A total of 22 peri-implant sites in 16 patients who required tooth replacement in the esthetic zone were included. Color measurements were obtained using a spectrophotometer and customized colored abutments. Mucosal thickness measurements were taken incrementally 0.5 mm from the facial gingival margin on sectioned casts. A statistically significant difference in gingival translucency was observed beginning at 1.5 mm. A negative correlation was observed between the thickness and translucency parameter (TP) (r = 0.64), with TP values decreasing as the gingival thickness increased. The gingival translucency was correlated with the thickness of the peri-implant mucosa and distance from the facial gingival margin. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2013;33:427434. doi: 10.11607/prd.1497)

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