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Volume 33 , Issue 3
May/June 2013

Pages 347–353

Assessment of Maxillary Central Incisor Crown Form

Luis F. Senn, DDS, Cert Perio/Jerónimo Pablo Lazos, DDS, Cert Perio/Mabel Brunotto, PhD, MSc

PMID: 23593628
DOI: 10.11607/prd.1206

Incisor crown form is thought to be associated with different periodontal features, and it is hypothesized that there are measures of the maxillary central incisor that can be used to characterize its form. The aim of this study was to assess maxillary central incisor crown dimensions to determine morphologic groups. One-hundred fifty sound maxillary central incisors without excessive evidence of incisal wear were utilized. On each crown, several reference points were marked and mesiodistal and axial diameters were measured using a digital caliper. A ratio between the minor and major mesiodistal diameters was determined to assess dental forms. Maxillary central incisor form was categorized into three groups based on the upper limits of three intervals as cutoff points. The measurements were performed in a double blind fashion. The reliability of measurements was estimated by the Pearson correlation coefficient for each tooth, setting a value > 0.8. The percentage of maxillary central incisors in each group was 56.67% for group 1 (stout), 22.67% for group 2 (intermediate), and 20.66% for group 3 (strangled). The results suggest that maxillary central incisor morphology can be properly assessed through quantifiable methods. The minor/major mesiodistal ratio is simple, quantitative, and easily reproduced. It is a quantifiable definition of dental forms based on characteristics that are not modified by the position of the gingival margin or incisal wear. Hence, the grade of cervical convergence could help clinicians assess tooth shape before performing restorative, orthodontic, or surgical treatments. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2013;33:347–353. doi: 10.11607/prd.1206)

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