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Volume 33 , Issue 3
May/June 2013

Pages 337345


Anatomical Characteristics and Dimensions of Edentulous Sites in the Posterior Maxillae of Patients Referred for Implant Therapy

Leandro Soeiro de Souza Nunes, DDS, MSc/Michael M. Bornstein, PD Dr Med Dent/Pedram Sendi, PD Dr Med, Dr Med Dent/Daniel Buser, Prof Dr Med Dent


PMID: 23593627
DOI: 10.11607/prd.1475

The purpose of this study was to analyze the width and height of edentulous sites in the posterior maxilla using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images from patients referred for implant therapy. A total of 122 CBCT scans were included in the analysis, resulting in a sample size of 252 edentulous sites. The orofacial crest width was measured in coronal slices, perpendicular to the alveolar ridge. The bone height was analyzed in the respective sagittal slices. Additionally, the following secondary outcome parameters were evaluated: the morphology of the sinus floor, the presence of septa in the maxillary sinus, and the thickness of the sinus membrane. The mean crest width for all analyzed sites was 8.28 mm, and the mean bone height was 7.22 mm. The percentage of patients with a crest width of less than 6 mm was 27% in premolar sites and 7.8% in molar sites. The bone height decreased from premolar to molar areas, with a high percentage of first and second molar sites exhibiting a bone height of less than 5 mm (54.12% and 44.64%, respectively). Regarding the morphology of the sinus floor, 53% of the edentulous sites exhibited a flat configuration. A septum was present in 67 edentulous sites (26.59%). Analysis of the sinus membrane revealed 88 sites (34.9%) with increased mucosal thickness (> 2 mm). For the crest width, the location of the edentulous site and the morphology of the sinus floor were both statistically significant variables. For the crest width and mean bone height, the location of the edentulous site and the morphology of the sinus floor were both statistically significant variables. The study confirmed that a high percentage of edentulous sites in the posterior maxilla do require sinus floor elevation to allow the placement of dental implants. Therefore, a detailed three-dimensional radiograph using CBCT is indicated in most patients for proper treatment planning. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2013;33:337345. doi: 10.11607/prd.1475)


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