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Volume 32 , Issue 5
October 2012

Pages 541 (e147-e153)

Functional Assessment of Dental Implant Osseointegration

Po-Chun Chang, DDS, PhD/William V. Giannobile, DDS, DMSc

PMID: 22754907
DOI: 10.11607/prd.00.1093

Functional ankylosis of dental implants in alveolar bone is the current criterion to assess implant osseointegration from a biomechanical standpoint. In this literature review, the clinical significance and current available assessments of implant stability are discussed. However, these assessments demonstrate a variety of correlations to peri-implant structures and as such are difficult to translate to the clinical arena. Calculating the effective stiffness from homogenization of peri-implant tissues appears to be a more reliable approach to predict implant stability in preclinical studies, but the structure-biomechanical relationship remains a clinical challenge. Despite the limitations in functional assessments of dental implant stability and oral implant biomechanics, this review highlights some emerging approaches to adapt these measures to clinical situations. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2012;23:e147e153.)

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