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Volume 32 , Issue 5
October 2012

Pages 497-507

Human Clinical and Histologic Evaluation of Laser-Assisted New Attachment Procedure

Marc L. Nevins, DMD, MMSc/Marcelo Camelo, DDS/Peter Schupbach, PhD/Soo-Woo Kim, DMD, MS/David M. Kim, DDS, DMSc/Myron Nevins, DDS

PMID: 22754897
DOI: 10.11607/prd.00.1102

This investigation was designed to evaluate the healing response to the laser-assisted new attachment procedure (LANAP). Eight patients presenting with 12 teeth predetermined to be surgically extracted were enrolled and consented to treatment with full-mouth LANAP therapy. LANAP surgical therapy consisted of a first pass with a 360-m fiber diameter, laser settings with verified output of 4.0 W and energy density of 1,965 mJ/mm2, 100-s pulse duration, and 20 Hz applied from the gingival margin to the base of the pocket parallel to the root surface and moved laterally and apically to remove the diseased pocket epithelium. The teeth were aggressively scaled and root planed with piezo ultrasonic instrumentation. A second pass was performed with a 360-m fiber diameter, laser settings with verified output of 4.0 W and energy density of 1,965 mJ/mm2, 650-s pulse duration, and 20 Hz applied from the apical extent of the bone defect to the gingival margin. After 9 months of healing, en bloc biopsy extractions were provided. Ten teeth were analyzed histologically to assess the periodontal wound healing. Five teeth evidenced a degree of periodontal regeneration with new cementum, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. One tooth had new attachment with new cementum and inserting collagen fibers, and four teeth healed via a long junctional epithelium. LANAP therapy should be further investigated with long-term clinical trials to compare the stability of clinical results to conventional therapy. This report provides evidence that LANAP therapy can induce periodontal regeneration. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2012;32:497507.)

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