Follow Us      


   Offical Journal of The Academy of Osseointegration

Share Page:

Volume 32 , Issue 3
June 2012

Pages 323-328

Peri-Implant Collagen Fibers Around Human Cone Morse Connection Implants Under Polarized Light: A Report of Three Cases

Marco Degidi, MD, DDS/Adriano Piattelli, MD, DDS/Antonio Scarano, DDS, MD, MS/Jamil A. Shibli, DDS, PhD/Giovanna Iezzi, DDS, PhD

PMID: 22408777
DOI: 10.11607/prd.00.1063

Most of the histologic studies found in the literature on the peri-implant soft tissues have been done in animals and usually have been confined to mandibular implants fitted with healing or standard abutments. Few studies have investigated human peri-implant soft tissues. Moreover, the structure and dimensions of the peri-implant soft tissues in immediately loaded implants have not been investigated in depth. Human histologic data are valuable to validate animal models. This histologic and histomorphometric study evaluated the peri-implant soft tissues around three immediately loaded implants in humans. The implants were retrieved using a trephine and treated to obtain thin, ground sections. The sulcular epithelium was composed of approximately four to five layers of parakeratinized epithelial cells and had a length of approximately 1.2 to 1.3 mm. The junctional epithelium was composed of approximately three to four layers of epithelial cells and had a length of approximately 1.0 to 1.5 mm. Connective tissue attachment had a width of between 400 and 800 m. Peri-implant collagen fibers, in the form of bundles (1- to 5-m thick), began at the crestal bone and were oriented perpendicular to the abutment surface until 200 m from the surface, where they became parallel running in several directions. Collagen fibers appeared to form a three-dimensional network around the abutment. No acute or chronic inflammatory cell infiltrate was present. Collagen fibers oriented in a perpendicular manner and in direct contact with the abutment surface were not observed in any of the specimens. This differentiated network of fibers may have clinical relevance as a mechanical protection of the underlying bone. These human histologic data are extremely valuable to validate and confirm those obtained from studies performed on animal models. Moreover, immediate loading of the implants did not compromise soft tissue integration. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2012;32;323328.)

Full Text PDF File | Order Article


Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.


© 2020 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc

PRD Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Author Guidelines
Submission Form
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us