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Volume 32 , Issue 2
April 2012

Pages 149-155

Crestal Bone Changes on Platform-Switched Implants and Adjacent Teeth When the Tooth-Implant Distance is Less Than 1.5 mm

Xavier Vela, MD, DDS/Víctor Méndez, DDS/Xavier Rodríguez, MD, PhD/Maribel Segalà, MD, DDS/Dennis P. Tarnow, DDS

PMID: 22292143
DOI: 10.11607/prd.00.1058

Because of the peri-implant bone resorption that occurs when a non–platform switched implant is exposed to the oral environment, it has been recommended to maintain 1.5 mm between the tooth and implant to preserve the bone adjacent to the teeth. Several studies have documented that platform-switched implants have less peri-implant bone resorption than matched implants. This retrospective radiographic analysis studied 70 platform-switched implants placed less than 1.5 mm from an adjacent tooth and with prostheses loaded for a minimum of 6 months. The mean distance between the implant and tooth was 0.99 mm (range, 0.20 to 1.49 mm); the mean horizontal and vertical bone resorption was 0.36 and 0.43 mm, respectively. The mean bone peak reduction was 0.37 mm. The results confirm that the use of platform-switched implants reduces bone resorption after two-piece implants have been uncovered and that it is possible to place this type of implant 1 mm from teeth while maintaining the bone level adjacent to them (the bone peak). (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2012;32:149-155.)

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