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Volume 33 , Issue 6
November/December 2013

Pages 773-783

Long-Term Implant Survival in the Grafted Maxillary Sinus: A Systematic Review

Massimo Del Fabbro, BSc, PhD/Stephen S. Wallace, DDS/Tiziano Testori, MD, DDS

PMID: 24116362
DOI: 10.11607/prd.1288

The predictability of maxillary sinus augmentation has been extensively reported. Procedural outcomes, most often measured as implant survival rates, have customarily used inclusion criteria that included a minimum 1-year loading time. The inclusion criteria of this review extended the minimum postloading evaluation to 3 years to determine if the previously reported short-term survival rates are maintained. An electronic search of the literature was performed and retrieved articles were screened using specific inclusion criteria, paramount of which was a minimum of 3 years of follow-up. The search revealed 18 articles for the lateral window approach (6,500 implants in 2,149 patients) and 7 for the transalveolar approach (1,257 implants in 704 patients). Overall, implant survival after a minimum of 3 years loading was 93.7% and 97.2% for the lateral window and transalveolar approaches, respectively. Of importance is the fact that 80% of failures occurred within the first year and 93.1% of the failures occurred within 3 years. The risk of implant failure after 3 years can now be directly calculated as the overall risk of failure after 3 years (6.3%) the incidence of late failures (6.9%), thus equaling 0.43%. This review discredits the theory that studies of a lower level of evidence report inflated results when compared with prospective randomized controlled clinical trials. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2013;33:773783. doi: 10.11607/prd.1288)

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