Load Factor Control for Implants in the Posterior Partially Edentulous Segment
There are inherent biomechanical differences in the implant treatment of completely edentulous arches and posterior partially edentulous segments. The partial prosthesis does not benefit from cross-arch stabilization and is, therefore, more susceptible to bending loads. Because of the difference in mobility between teeth and implants, implants may carry a major share of load when mixed with teeth in the same quadrant. However, the frequency of implant overload in posterior partial resotrations is low, and, with appropriate treatment planning, overload in these situations is almost always preventable. A checklist procedure is proposed to help the clinician enumerate and evaluate deleterious load factors. By screening patients for such factors in advance, the clinician may identify and avoid potential overload situations when conceiving and fabricating implant-supported posterior partial prostheses. A second checklist, for use at follow-up appointments, lists alarm factors that serve as an early warning of overload once the prosthesis is in place.