LOGIN
 
Share Page:
Back

Volume 17 , Issue 6
November/December 2002

Pages 793 - 798


Bacterial Colonization of Zirconia Ceramic Surfaces: An In Vitro and In Vivo Study

Lia Rimondini, DDS, Loredana Cerroni, PhD, DDS, Antonio Carrassi, DDS, MD, Paola Torricelli, PhD


PMID: 12507238

Purpose: The microbial colonization of new ceramic materials developed for abutment manufacturing was assessed. Materials and Methods: The materials used in these experiments were disks of “asfired” and “rectified” ceramic material made of tetragonal zirconia polycrystals stabilized with yttrium (Y-TZP) and commercially pure grade 2 titanium (Ti) with corresponding eluates. They were tested in vitro with the following bacteria: Streptococcus mutans, S sanguis, Actinomyces viscosus, A naeslundii, and Porphyromonas gingivalis. Proliferation was evaluated on plates by inhibitory halos around pits, previously inoculated with eluates obtained from the materials. Bacterial adhesion on materials was quantified by spectrophotometric evaluation of the slime production by the same bacteria. Moreover, early bacterial adhesion was evaluated in human volunteers and observed with SEM. Results: No inhibition of bacterial proliferation using eluates was observed. In vitro as-fired and rectified Y-TZP showed significantly more adherent S mutans than did Ti disks, while S sanguis seemed to adhere easily to Ti specimens. No differences were noted for Actinomyces spp and P gingivalis. In vivo Y-TZP accumulated fewer bacteria than Ti in terms of the total number of bacteria and presence of potential putative pathogens such as rods. No differences were observed between rectified and as-fired Y-TZP. Discussion: Overall, Y-TZP accumulates fewer bacteria than Ti. Conclusion: Y-TZP may be considered as a promising material for abutment manufacturing.


Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.

 

© 2014 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc JOMI Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Archive
Author Guidelines
About
Accepted Manuscripts
Submission Form
Submit
Reprints
Permission
Advertising
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us
Help