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Volume 25 , Issue 2
March/April 2010

Pages 295304

Biomechanical Effect of Platform Switching in Implant Dentistry: A Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis

Chih-Ling Chang, DDS, MS/Chen-Sheng Chen, PhD/Ming-Lun Hsu, DDS, Dr Med Dent

PMID: 20369087

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the implant-bone interface stresses in anisotropic three-dimensional finite element models of an osseointegrated implant with platform switching and a conventional matching-diameter implant platform and abutment in the posterior maxilla. Materials and Methods: Three-dimensional finite element models were created of a first molar section of the maxilla and embedded with a single endosseous implant (4.1 3 10 mm). One model simulated a 4.1-mm-diameter abutment connection and the other was a narrower 3.4-mm-diameter abutment connection, ie, simulating a platform-switching configuration. A gold alloy crown with 2-mm occlusal thickness was applied over the titanium abutment. Material properties of compact and cancellous bone were modeled as fully orthotropic and transversely isotropic, respectively. Oblique (200-N vertical and 40-N horizontal) occlusal loads were applied and perfect bonding was assumed at all interfaces. Results: Maximum von Mises, compressive, and tensile stresses in compact bone were lower in the platform-switching model than in the conventional model. However, the maximum von Mises stress in cancellous bone was higher in the platform-switching model than in the conventional model. Conclusion: The platform-switching technique reduced the stress concentration in the area of compact bone and shifted it to the area of cancellous bone during oblique loading. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2010;25:295304

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