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Volume 17 , Issue 2
March/April 2002

The Use of Ramus Autogenous Block Grafts for Vertical Alveolar Ridge Augmentation and Implant Placement: A Pilot Study

Periklis Proussaefs, DDS, MS, Jaime Lozada, DDS, Alejandro Kleinman, DDS, Michael D. Rohrer, DDS, MS

PMID: 11958407

Purpose: This study presents a clinical,radiographic, laboratory, and histologic/histomorphometric analysis of the use of mandibular ramus block autografts for vertical alveolar ridge augmentation and implant placement. Materials and Methods: Autogenous block autografts were fixed at the recipient site with fixation screws while a mixture of autogenous bone marrow and inorganic bovine material (Bio-Oss) was used at the periphery. All grafts appeared well incorporated at the recipient site during reentry surgery. Results: Radiographic measurements revealed an average of 6.12 mm vertical ridge augmentation 1 month after surgery and 5.12 mm 4 to 6 months after surgery. Laboratory volumetric measurements revealed an average of 0.91 mL alveolar ridge augmentation 1 month after surgery and 0.75 mL 6 months postoperatively. Linear laboratory measurements revealed 6.12 mm of vertical ridge augmentation 1 month postoperatively and 4.37 mm 4 to 6 months after surgery. Histologic evaluation indicated signs of active remodeling in all the specimens. Histomorphometric analysis of the peripheral particulate bone indicated bone present at 34.33% of the grafted area, while 42.17% of the area was occupied by fibrous tissue and 23.50% by residual Bio-Oss particles. Discussion: The results demonstrated the potential of mandibular block autografts harvested from the ascending ramus to maintain their vitality. Volumetric resorption rate of 17.58% and radiographic resorption rate of 16.34% were in accordance with previously published literature. Early exposure appeared to compromise the results, while late exposures did not affect the vitality of the block autografts. Conclusion:Mandibular block autografts can maintain their vitality when used for vertical alveolar ridge augmentation. Inorganic bovine mineral (Bio-Oss) can be used at the periphery of the block graft when mixed with autogenous bone marrow. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 17:238248)

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